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Indian Journal of Animal Research
Year : 2009, Volume : 43, Issue : 4
First page : ( 259) Last page : ( 262)
Print ISSN : 0367-6722.

A study on Breeding and Healthcare Management practices followed by goat keepers in South Gujarat region

Deshpande S.B.*, Sabapara G.P., Kharadi V.B.

Department of Animal Science, N.M. College of Agriculture, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari-396450, India.

*Corresponding Author: E-mail - deshsat@gmail.com.

Abstract

Goat husbandry is most popular enterprise among artisan class people living in semi urban areas and scheduled caste, scheduled tribes and other backward class communities living in villages as the goats can thrive well with zero or minimum inputs under least management and care. A field survey was conducted on 1243 goat keepers scattered in 45 villages of Surat, Navsari and Bharuch districts of south Gujarat region to study the prevailing goat management practices. Majority of goat keepers detected the estrus on the basis of symptoms viz. mounting on each other, bleating, tail vibration and frequent urination. However, mounting on each other was the most reliable symptom for detection of estrus in the goats. The breeding of females was strictly done through natural service and majority of goat keepers (65.89%) used bucks from their relatives. However, they were keen to change the buck after first kidding (51.41%) or second kidding (48.59%). Majority of goat keepers (73.21%) preferred the castration of male kids to fetch more prices. Vaccination of goats against different diseases prior to monsoon was done by 69.19% goat keepers. However, deworming practice and measures to control ecto-parasitic infestation were adopted by only 22.04% and 9.49% goat keepers respectively. Majority of goat keepers (73.45%) called the livestock inspector for treatment of sick animals.

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Key words

Goat, Breeding, Healthcare, Management.

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