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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2020, Volume : 8, Issue : 2
First page : ( 127) Last page : ( 132)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2020.00030.X

A Study to Assess the effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching Programme on the level of knowledge regarding Blood Donation among GNM 1st year students of AMT School, Jammu

Mr. Prabu Israel Jeba1,*, Mrs. Anbumani Janet2

1Associate Professor, Bee Enn College of Nursing, Jammu University, India

2Assistant Professor, Bee Enn College of Nursing, Jammu University, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: israelmadurai@gmail.com

Online published on 3 June, 2020.

Abstract

Background

Only 9 million units are collected annually units, Delhi alone faces shortage of 1 lakh units per year. Statistics shows that 234 million major operations in India, 63 million trauma incident surgeries, 31 million cancer or related procedures and 10 million pregnancies related while the need is for 12 million which require blood transfusion. The issue of blood shortage is due to lack of voluntary donors, particularly in states such as West Bengal, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Gujaratand and Jammu

Material and Methods

Research hypothesis was formulated to find the effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme. The review of literature was done and organized based on review related to blood donation and knowledge of blood donation. Pre experimental design was adopted for this study. The sample size was 50. The tool was validated by the experts and found to be valid for this study. The reliability was established through test retest method. The tool was administered to 15 nursing students and after a gap of one week the retest was conducted. The Karl Pearson's coefficient of correlation was computed and the reliability was found to be 0.27. The tool was reliable for this study. The pilot study had been conducted in Bee Enn College of nursing, Jammu. The samples were selected by purposive sampling method. The data was collected by using questionnaire developed by the researcher. Planned teaching programme about Blood Donation was given by the means of chart, ppt and videos was given. After 15 days, a retest was conducted and the interpreted data was calculated and described as inferential statistics

Results

The pre test level of knowledge revealed 27 (54%) had inadequate knowledge and 23 (46%) had moderate knowledge. The calculated Mean and Standard Deviation of pre test was 9.72 and 2.11 respectively. Regarding the effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme on Blood Donation, 42 (84%) had adequate knowledge and 8 (16%) had moderate knowledge. The calculated mean and Standard Deviation of post test was 17.64 and 1.77 respectively. The mean difference of pre test and post test level of knowledge was 7.92. The result shows that there was a significant difference between pre test and post test level of knowledge

Conclusion

It was observed that the video assisted teaching programme played a vital role in improving the knowledge regarding blood donation among GNM 1st year students of AMT School and the investigator ensure that every student of GNM 1st year of AMT School will use this knowledge in their practical field and will further motivate people regarding voluntary blood donation.

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Keywords

Video Assisted Teaching Programme, Karl Pearson's coefficient.

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