A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge regarding Blood Borne Disease and Universal Precaution among House keeping Staff in selected hospital of Mehsana District
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There are numerous ways by which germs or pathogens can enter the body and cause diseases. A blood-borne disease is one that is transmitted from one person's blood to another's and that manifests itself prominently in the blood elements. These include a broad spectrum of infectious conditions that reach their target tissue through the circulation of blood. The most common examples are HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Health care workers are at high risk of acquiring Blood-borne diseases, because they are exposing to blood and body fluids in their day-to-day duties. Needle stick injury to hospital staff, especially among housekeeping staff, is quite frequent and can result in infections and blood-borne diseases, but staff frequently does not report the injury due to lack of awareness.4yo
Aims and Objective
To assess the knowledge regarding Blood borne disease and universal precaution among housekeeping staff selected hospital of mehsana district. To evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding blood borne diseases and universal precaution among housekeeping staff. To find out the association of the knowledge score with their selected demographic variables.
A quantitative approach using pre experimental one group pre test-post test design. 100 housekeeping staff were selected using non probability convenient sampling at Mehsana district. structured teaching programme was given to the housekeeping staff working at Mehsana district. Self structure questionnaire will prepare and used to assess the knowledge of housekeeping staff regarding Blood borne disease and universal precaution.
In this study overall the highest percentage in the demographic data including the Age group 46% (39-48y), Gender 70% (Female), Religion 96% (Hindu), Educational qualification 56% (Higher secondary), Marital status 70% (Married), Duration of experience 54% (Above 10 years) Monthly income 70% (Above 15000), Type of hospital 70% (Govt. hospital), Current working area 64% (General ward), Infection control programme 90% (No), Knowledge regarding blood borne and universal precaution 90% (No), First source of knowledge 5% (Friends and relatives and Exposure to blood borne disease 90% (No). The post-test mean (20.98 ± 2.98) was apparently higher than that of mean pre-test (10.28 ± 2.85) knowledge score. The calculated “T” value (59.60) was greater than the table value (1.98) at 0.05 level of significance The structured teaching was effective in increasing the Knowledge of housekeeping staff regarding blood borne disease and universal precaution. Chi-square test to associate the level of knowledge and selected demographic variable.
Assess effectiveness, structured teaching programme, knowledge, Blood borne and Universal precaution.