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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2020, Volume : 8, Issue : 1
First page : ( 85) Last page : ( 88)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2020.00020.7

A Comparative study to Assess Personality profile and coping Strategies among Coronary Heart Disease Patients and Non-Patients groups in Selected Hospitals of Mehsana

Mr. Patidar Vipin1,*, Mr. Patidar Kaushal2

1Assistant Professor, Dept. of Medical Surgical Nursing, KJ Institute of Nursing, Vadasma

2Associate Professor, Dept. of Medical Surgical Nursing, Joitiba College of Nursing, Bhandu

*Corresponding Author E-mail: Vipin.patidar93@gmail.com

Online published on 24 February, 2020.

Abstract

Background

According to WHO estimates in 2003, 16.7 million people around the globe die of coronary heart disease each year. This is over 29 percent of all deaths globally. The present study attempted to assess the current that whether there are certain specific personality pattern of coronary heart disease patients and the coping strategies they use to deal with their stressful situation.1 Coronary heart disease is affecting India 5–10 years earlier than other communities. Indians also show higher incidence of hospitalization, morbidity and mortality than other ethnic groups.2

Aims

The present study attempted to assess the current that whether there are certain specific personality pattern of coronary heart disease patients and the coping strategies they use to deal with their stressful situation.

Objectives of the study

To determine the personality profile and coping strategies among patients who are diagnosed to have coronary heart disease. To determine the personality profile and coping strategies among non patients group. To compare the difference in the personality profile and coping strategies among coronary heart disease patients and non patients group. To find out the association between personality profile and coping strategies among coronary heart disease patients and non patients group with their selected demographic variables.

Method

A descriptive comparative study consisting of 30 coronary heart disease patients and 30 non patients group selected by using purposive sampling technique was conducted in a selected hospital of Mehsana.

Results

Majority (40%) of sample in the non-patient group was in 41–50 years and patients (33%) were in the age group of 41–50 years. Majority of patients (60%) and non-patients (53%) were males. Highest percentage of subjects in the patient (83%) and non-patient group (83%) were Hindu. Highest percentage of patients (47%) and majority of non-patients (47%) were married. The highest percentage of the subjects had primary education (33%) and non-patients had secondary education (37%). Highest percentages of the subjects (54%) were self employs and non-patients (44%) were self employee. Majority of subjects 73% and patients non-patients were non vegetarians. Majority 53% patients have family history of CHD. Majority 53% CHD patients visit hospital thrice or more And majority 100% no one undergone any personality development programme in CHD patients. The mean score of coping strategy using coping brief scale show that non-patients (148.66±24.89) was greater than patients (133.2±27.06). The mean score of personality profile using show that non-patients (84.06±10.67) was greater than patients (70±11.43).

Interpretation and conclusion

Findings of the study showed that there was no significant difference in the personality profile scores (t=2.30, p<0.05) between coronary heart disease patients and non-patients group and also showed that there was a significant difference in the coping strategies (t= 4.93, p<0.05) between coronary heart disease patients and non-patient group.

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Keywords

Comparison Personality Profile, Coping Strategies, Coronary Heart Disease Patients, Non-Patients Groups.

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