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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 3
First page : ( 176) Last page : ( 182)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2019.00042.8

The Comparative Study between the Planned Structured Teaching Programme (PSTP) and Self Instructional Module (SIM) on the knowledge regarding First Aid of common injuries occurring in children among school teachers working in selected schools at Gonda, U.P

Mrs Abraham Nisha1,*, Dr. Therese A. Maria2

1Professor of Medical Surgical Department, S.C.P.M College of Nursing, Gonda, U.P

2Professor of Nursing, Mother Theresa Postgraduate and Research Institute of Health Sciences, Puducherry

*Corresponding Author E-mail: nishakattapana99@gmail.com

Online published on 3 January, 2020.


Children comprise one third of our population and all of our future and their health is our foundation2. Forty percentage (40%) of India's population is below the age of 18years which at 400 million is the world's largest child population. The main injuries in schoolchildren are sprains, strains, fractures, accidental wounds, dislocations and contusions. A study conducted in Pittsburgh of 1218 school children ages 11–14 years found that 78 (6.5%) children had at least one nose bleed per year.7 Head injury was common across all injury causes and was seen in 91% of killed and 48% of hospitalized. Falls generally resulted in injury to head and face and upper and lower limbs. Children account for 5 percent of spinal cord injuries.8In response to the Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981, guidance from the Health and Safety Executive in the Approved Code of Practice ‘First Aid at Work ’, amended 1997 and advice from the Department for Education and Skills, the Department has issued a detailed policy and guidance to all establishments. It recognizes the need in educational establishments to provide facilities and arrangements for first aid when an accident occurs. First aid is a vital part of every establishment's provision for health and safety. The purpose of first aid is: In cases where a person will need help from a medical practitioner or nurse, to give treatment for the purpose of preserving life and minimizing the consequences of injury and illness until such help is obtained and to treat minor injuries.



Comparative, Self Instructional Module, first aid, knowledge, Planned Structured Teaching Programme.


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