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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 2
First page : ( 109) Last page : ( 113)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2019.00028.3

Tai Chi on Levels of Self-Esteem among Adolescent Girls at selected Schools, Vellore

Ms. Dhanalakshmi N.1,*, Dr. Muthumari P.2

1Research Scholar, Himalayan University, Itanagar

2Vice-Principal, Suran College of Nursing, Virudhunagar, Tamilnadu

*Corresponding Author E-mail: dhanalh73@gmail.com

Online published on 22 May, 2019.

Abstract

Background

Self-esteem is a comprehensive feeling of sense of worth or capability as an individual, or general feelings of self-acceptance, kindness and self-worth. It can be either positive (high self-esteem) which leads to greater happiness or negative (low self-esteem) which potentially leads to depression. Self-esteem can be developed by achieving great successes and can be maintained by avoiding failures.

Materials and methods

A quantitative approach with pre experimental one group pre and post-test design was used to achieve the objectives of the study. The study was conducted at selected private and government schools, Vellore town. A total of 200 adolescent girls studying 9th standard were selected randomly who fulfilled the Inclusion criteria. After collecting demographic variables of adolescent girls, Pre-test was done using standardized tool. Adolescents were given Tai Chi exercise practice for an hour each day for three days a week in each school. A structured training program for adolescent which was also carried out as six sessions (two sessions a month) discussing in detail about self-esteem, signs of low self-esteem, strategies to build self-esteem and self-esteem building activity. Each session was for 30 to 40 minutes. Post-test was done using same standardized tool after 4 weeks of last intervention to assess the levels of self-esteem among adolescent girls.

Results

The pre-test results indicated that majority 176 (88%) of the adolescents had low self-esteem, whereas around 24 (12%) had moderate levels of self-esteem. Whereas the post-test results revealed that 160 (80%) adolescent girls had high self-esteem and 40 (20%) had moderate self-esteem and no one had low self-esteem. Also there was significant association between the levels of self-esteem and selected demographic variables such as adolescent age, religion, type of school, medium of education, grades, birth order, marital status of the parents, type of parenting, type of family, mother's and father's occupation.

Conclusion

The Tai Chi exercise and structured teaching programme on self-esteem among adolescents was effective.

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Keywords

Tai Chi, self-esteem, adolescents.

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