Level of Stress and Coping Strategies of Patients undergoing Coronary Artery by pass Grafting at selected Hospitals, Guntur District with a view to Develop Instructional Module
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“Stress is your body's way of responding to any kind of demand or threat. When you feel threatened, your nervous system responds by releasing a flood of stress hormones, and including adrenaline and cortisol, which rouse the body for emergency action.” The Stress, like a virus has infected the entire population and symptoms appear everywhere. Stress; it has no age, race, gender, religion and nationality and for this purpose it is called as an "equal opportunity destroyer". When left unresolved, stress can undermine all aspect of one's life. A research now reveals that between 70 to 80% of all illness is stress related. Most notably coronary heart disease, cancer, common cold, migraine, headaches. Some cases of female infertility, ulcer, insomnia, hypertension and the list go on1.
A descriptive study is conducted among patients undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in a selected hospitals at Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh. Hundred patients are selected by using Convenient sampling technique. A perceived stress scale for assessing the level of stress and coping strategies inventory for assessing coping strategies are used to collect data from patients undergoing CABG. Data are analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Among the 100 patients, 51(51%) had mild stress who is undergoing CABG, 44(44%) had moderate stress and only 5(5%) had severe stress. Most of the patients 52(52%) had moderate coping strategies, 48(48%) had inadequate coping strategies and none of them had adequate coping strategies. Significant association is found between the sex (χ2=7.81) and the level of stress among patients undergoing CABG. Significant association is found between coping strategies among patients undergoing CABG with their occupation (χ2=9.33) at 0.05 level of significance.
The present study concludes that majority of patients had mild stress and moderate coping strategies of patients undergoing CABG.
Assess, level, Stress, Coping Strategies, CABG.