Collaboration between Nurses and Physicians
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Assessment of Inter-Professional collaboration between Nurses and Physicians working at Manasar specialized Hospital Harar, Gembela.
1. To assess inter professional collaboration between nurses and physicians. 2. Assess the attitude of nurses and physicians towards nurse-physician collaboration. 3. Assess the nurses and physicians collaborative behavior.
Institution based descriptive cross sectional study was employed from March to April, 2015 using self-administered questionnaire. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select 293 professionals. Data was entered using epi info version 3.5.3 and exported to SPSS version 20 for cleaning and farther analysis. Descriptive statistics was presented by frequency tables, percentages and measures of central tendency and dispersion. Student t-test was used to evaluate mean difference and p-value <0.05 was considered as significant.
Finding of the study
Nurses demonstrate more favorable total Jefferson scale of attitude than physicians (p-value 0.003) with mean score of 49.18 (SEM 0.39) and 46.64 (SEM 0.89) respectively. Nurses demonstrate more frequent collaborative behavior than physicians with mean score of 76.79(SEM 1.09) and 73.49(SEM 1.98) respectively but it was not significant (p-0.12). There was no significance difference based on sex, age, and service year with regard to total Jefferson scale of attitude towards nurse-physician collaboration. The younger age group showed more frequent collaborative behavior compared to old age groups with mean value 78.61±16.70, 72.58±15.36(p value-0.002). And the respondents with short service year showed more frequent collaborative behavior compared to respondents with long term service year with mean value 80.00±17.28, 69.81±12.64 (t=5.44 and p value-0.000).
Interpretation and Conclusion
This study identified that majority of the respondents have favorable total attitude towards nursephysician collaboration and infrequent collaborative behavior in overall NPCS. As compared with physician nurses had more favorable attitudes towards collaboration specifically toward “shared education”. And also as compared with physicians, nurses had more frequent collaborative behavior, in sub scales of “Decision making process”.
NPCSNurse physician collaboration scale, SEMStandard error mean, SPSSStatistical package for social Sciences.