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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 1
First page : ( 13) Last page : ( 19)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2019.00004.0

Risk Status of Lower Extremity Arterial Disease (LEAD) among persons with Diabetes Mellitus

Shilpa S.*

Lecturer, Almas College of Nursing, Kottakkal

*Corresponding Author E-mail: shilpashine9@gmail.com

Online published on 16 March, 2019.


A Quantitative approach, nonexperimental descriptive exploratory research design was used for this study. 100 samples from each hospitals were selected by non probability purposive sampling technique. Socio demographic data and clinical variables were assessed using a structured interview schedule. Risk status assessment was done by using risk assessment scale and bio physiological methods including ABI and vibrometer. The data were analyzed and interpreted by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Data collection tools included were structured interview schedule, risk assessment scale and bio physiological methods including ABI and vibrometer.

Results and Conclusion

The analysis revealed that majority of patients with diabetes mellitus were having mild risk for LEAD. There was significant association between risk status of LEAD as measured by ABI with gender, educational status, type of work, history of bad habit and presence of complication of diabetes mellitus (p< 0.05). The variables religion, type of work, prescribed medication and duration of diabetes mellitus was found to be associated with risk status of LEAD as measured by vibrometer (p< 0.05). Study also revealed there was significant association between the research variables and the selected socio demographic variables.



Risk status, Lower Extremity Arterial Disease, Persons with diabetes mellitus, Risk assessment scale, Ankle Brachial Index.


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