An Experimental Study to assess the Effectiveness of Deep Breathing Exercise on Lowering of Blood Pressure among Secondary Hypertensive Patients in Selected Villages
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Purpose of the Study
The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of Deep Breathing Exercises on lowering of High Blood Pressure among Secondary Hypertensive patients.
Quasi experimental design was selected. It is done by forming two separate groups i.e. Experimental group & Control group by randomization (chit method) enabling every individual to have equal chance to participate in the research. Deep Breathing Exercise as an intervention given to Experimental Group only withholding it from others in Control Group. The subjects in the Control and Experimental Group are similar in numbers and characteristics but the subjects in the Control Group receive no Deep Breathing Exercise or any experimental treatment/intervention at all. Blood Pressure readings which is the dependent variable on both the groups is seen before the treatment(intervention). Later, the intervention is carried out on experimental group only and after intervention observation of dependent variable is made on both the groups. The sample setting was Panchayatan village, Greater Noida, Gautam Buddha Nagar, U.P for conducting the research study which has a population of about 3000 people and the people who meet our inclusion criteria were chosen assamples. The selected sample size of present study consists of 60 patients i.e.30patient in experimental group and 30 in control group. Result-The Homogeneity was checked in both the group in terms of Age, Eating Habit, Residential Area, Family History, Present Medical Condition, Past Medical Condition, Marital Status, Monthly Income, Diet, Salt Intake, Educational Status, Habits, Weight And Sleeping Pattern and it was found that these variables are not statistically significant on the baseline but both the groups have similar characteristics.so both the groups are comparable. The Analysis of effectiveness of Deep Breathing Exercises on lowering of High Blood Pressure among secondary hypertensive patients was checked by repeated measure ANOVA. It shown that from baseline Mean score of pretest Systolic Blood Pressure and SD in Experimental Group was150.47 ±6.137 and after 15 minutes of Deep Breathing Exercise as intervention, the post test mean and SD on first day was 147.63 ±21.442.On the second day post test mean and SD was 140.77±9.982. On the third day post test mean and SD was 138.40 ±9.658.On the fourth day post test mean and SD was 131.50 ± 8.316 and On the fifth day post test mean and SD 137.2 ± 7.50.Hence the p value in Experimental Group is <0.001.The Baseline Mean score of Pretest Systolic Blood Pressure and SD in Experimental Group was 91.30 ±3.678 and after 15 minutes of Deep Breathing Exercise as intervention, the post test mean and SD on first day was 85.40 ±5.899.On the second day post test mean and SD was 83.83±7.918. On the third day post test mean and SD was 84.63 ±5.968. On the fourth day post test mean and SD was 81.40 ± 8.764 and On the fifth day post test mean and SD79.50 ± 4.058.Hence the p value in Experimental Group is <0.001.This shows that there was gradual reduction in Systolic and Diastolic mean Blood Pressure and SD score after each intervention in Experimental Group. Which indicates that the reduction in Blood Pressure was not by chance but because of the intervention. Hence the score predicts that there was significance difference between pre and post interventional Blood Pressure score in Experimental Group.
The study reviles that Deep breathing exercises were effective in reducing the systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure among patients with secondary hypertension in experimental group as compare to the control group. Whereas there was no significant change in Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure in Control Group
Deep Breathing Exercise, Secondary Hypertension, Effectiveness.