A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module on Knowledge regarding Transient Ischemic Attack among Hypertensive Patients in Selected Hospitals at Mysore
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People who have had a TIA or minor stroke are at greater risk of having another TIA or stroke. High blood pressure is often one of the problems people need to address. Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, reducing alcohol intake, losing weight, eating a healthy diet and taking exercise can help to reduce the risks. Public awareness campaigns and health educations are most important part to combat increasing trend of stroke. Stroke needs to be addressed as a public health problem through the health system.
Pre experimental one group pre test-post test design was used to assess the effectiveness of SIM on knowledge regarding transient ischemic attack among hypertensive patients in selected hospitals at Mysore. A SIM was prepared focusing on knowledge regarding TIA among hypertensive patients. A structured knowledge questionnaire was prepared and used to assess the effectiveness of self instructional module. The reliability was found to be 0.97 and validity was ensured in consultation with guides and experts in the field of statistics, neurosciences and nursing.
With regard to the knowledge assessment, the mean pre test score was 11.8 and post test score was 20.8. The mean difference between pre-test score and post test score was significant at 0.05% level as the‘t’=15.83 (p<0.05). This showed that SIM on knowledge regarding TIA was effective. Therefore the research hypothesis (H1) was accepted, i.e. there is a significant difference between mean pre-test and mean post-test knowledge score. With regard to association, the chi-square value of age (χ2=1.09), gender (χ2=0.05), educational status (χ2=0.20), family history of hypertension (χ2=0.04), duration of hypertension (χ2=0.75), dietary pattern (χ2=0.27), previous attack of TIA (χ2=3.22) and regularity in hypertension treatment (χ2=0.04), were not significant at 0.05% level of significance. Hence research hypothesis H2 was rejected.
Interpretation and conclusion
This study revealed that the SIM on knowledge regarding TIA was effective among hypertensive patients.
Knowledge, TIA, SIM.