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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 3
First page : ( 205) Last page : ( 209)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2018.00045.8

A Descriptive study to assess the Knowledge and Practices regarding Foot Care of Clients who are suffering from Diabetes in a selected community area of Haldwani block.

Ms Kumari Rekha1,*, Ms Chauhan Himani2

1Assistant Professor, Obstetrical and Gynaecological Nursing, Sharda University, Grater Noida, U.P

2Nursing Tutor, Pal College of Nursing, Haldwani, Uttrakhand

*Corresponding Author E-mail: rekhadobal@gmail.com

Online published on 31 October, 2018.

Abstract

Objectives

1) To assess the knowledge regarding diabetic foot care of clients suffering from diabetes. 2) To assess the practices regarding diabetic foot care of clients suffering from diabetes. 3) To find the association between knowledge and practices regarding diabetic foot care with selected sociodemographic variables.

Method and Material

A total of 60 diabetic clients living in Haldwani block were included in the study. A purposive sampling technique was used for the study. Data was collected by using self structured knowledge questionnaire and observational practice check list.

Major findings

Out of 60 samples (21.67%) fall under the age group of 60–65 years. Majority of the sample consisted of females (61.6%). Regarding their educational background most of them (40%) had qualification of primary education. Among the subjects (53.3%) were unskilled and (46.6%) were skilled. One-third (31.6%) of the clients were having income between of Rs.5, 000-10,000. 55 clients lived in joint family. Fifty six percent of the subjects were nonvegetarians. Regarding the habits, 56.6% were not having any of the habits such as smoking, alcoholism, and tobacco chewing. 55% of the clients had been suffering from diabetes from <5years. Hypertension and diabetes was prevalent among 56% of the clients. The knowledge and practice score was computed which showed that the average Knowledge score was (2.9±1.50) and average Practice score was (4.25±1.65). The study also revealed that there was a significant association of Age (t=2.71, df =58 and p<0.05), Habits (t=2.37, df =58 and p<0.05) with the knowledge of diabetic foot care. There was a significant association of Educational status (t=2.57, df=58 and p<0.05), Dietary Pattern (t=4.10, df=58 and p<0.05)) and Habits (t=2.73, df=58 and p<0.05) with practice of diabetic foot care.

Conclusion

On the basis of our study finding it can be concluded that the knowledge was having significant association with age and habits. In practice educational status, dietary pattern and habits having significant association. So more should be done to educate the diabetic clients regarding the appropriate knowledge of diabetes and foot care practices from the initial time of the disease and enhance their knowledge by providing them “Informational Booklet”.

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Keywords

Knowledge, Practices, Foot Care and Diabetes.

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