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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 2
First page : ( 98) Last page : ( 100)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2018.00021.5

A study to assess the effectiveness of planned health teaching programme on knowledge regarding oral hygiene practices among children (8–10 years) in a selected school at Rajkot, Gujarat.

Mr. Bardeskar Sadhana1,*, Prasad Sam2, Mr. Luke Francis3, Mr. Doss K Jeenath Justin4

1II Year M. Sc. Nursing Student, Shri Anand Institute of Nursing, Rajkot, Gujarat

2Vice-Principal, Child Health Nursing Department, Shri Anand Institute of Nursing, Rajkot

3Assistant Professor, Child Health Nursing Department, Shri Anand Institute of Nursing, Rajkot

4Principal, Shri Anand Institute of Nursing, Rajkot, Gujarat

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sadhanabardeskar@gmail.com

Online published on 21 August, 2018.

Abstract

Health is a fundamental human right. It is central to the concept of quality of life. Today's children are tomorrow's leader. They form 38%-40% of our world population. One of the major health care concept faced by these promises of future are oral health problems, more commonly dental caries. The higher concentration of health care facilities in urban areas of India prevents the rural population from receiving proper health care facilities in time. This is a major concern of health care services in developing countries including India. Adding to, this illiteracy, poverty and over growing population made it difficult to render better health care services to all. Hence prevention seems to be the only solution in promoting oral health and there by the overall health. A Quantitative research approach with Pre-Experimental One group pre-test, post-test design was adopted for this study. The conceptual frame work for this study was based on J.W. Kenny's open system model. The study had been conducted in St. Paul school, Rajkot. A total of 50 3rd and 4th standard students were selected as sample by using non-probability purposive sampling technique which means, selection of the most readily available students as participants in a study. Data were collected by using demographic variables and structured set of questioner. Collected data was analyzed by the descriptive and inferential methods. Here the Mean, Mean difference, Standard deviation (SD), Calculated and tabulated ‘t’ test value of pre-test and post-test knowledge scores of school going children regarding oral hygiene practices. The mean pre-test knowledge score was 11.07 and the mean post-test knowledge score was 17.37. The mean difference is 9.57. The Standard deviation of pre-test is 2.27 and that of post-test is 2.36. calculated ‘t’ test value (42.04) is greater than tabulated ‘t’ value (2.66) value at 0.001 level of highly significance which was statistically proved, as stated in hypothesis at the level of p<0.001.

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Keywords

Attitude, Structured questioner, 3rd and 4thstandard school going students.

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