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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 1
First page : ( 35) Last page : ( 38)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2018.00008.2

Assessment of knowledge and practices of staff nurses regarding care of peripheral intravenous line in child care areas of selected hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab.

Abraham Liji Mariam*

Lecturer, College of Nursing, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, Pin-605014

*Corresponding Author E-mail: lijiabraham2014@gmail.com

Online published on 24 May, 2018.

Abstract

Introduction

Peripheral vascular catheters are associated with complications like phlebitis, catheter related blood stream infection, extravasations, hemorrhage and infiltration. Children are more susceptible to peripheral intravascular infiltration and extravasation due to developmental and physiological factors such as poor communication skills, hyperactivity and fragile veins. Infiltration injuries have been reported to occur in as many as 78% of all paediatric peripheral intravascular catheters, and up to 43% of these events results in skin, muscle or nerve damage. Education and training of all health professionals to impart knowledge and skills are necessary to anticipate and prevent intravenous catheter related problems.

Materials and Methods

An exploratory research study was designed to assess the knowledge and practices of staff nurses regarding care of peripheral intravenous line in child care areas of a selected hospital in North India. The sample included 60 staff nurses working in child care areas and willing to participate in the study, selected using purposive sampling technique. Purposive sampling technique was used to select sample. A structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge and an observation checklist was used to assess the practices of staff nurses regarding care of peripheral intravenous line among children.

Results

The knowledge on care of peripheral intravenous line in children was excellent, good, average and below average for 5%, 65%, 25%, 5% respectively among nurses working in child care areas. All the staff nurses had inadequate practices regarding care of peripheral intravenous line. No significant association was observed for knowledge and practice with sociodemographic variables like age, professional qualification, no. of years of experience and place of training, but there was a statistically significant association for knowledge and practice with place of work and in-service education attendance. There was a weak positive correlation between knowledge and practice of staff nurses related to care of peripheral intravenous line in children.

Conclusion

It is necessary to educate and provide training periodically for nurses regarding care of peripheral intravenous line in children. Clinical guidelines were prepared with a view to improve staff nurses knowledge and practices regarding care of peripheral intravenous line in child care areas.

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Keywords

Peripheral Intravenous Line, Staff Nurses, Knowledge, Practices, Child Care Areas.

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