Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme Regarding Cardiac Rehabilitation in terms of Knowledge, attitude and Practice among Patients with Myocardial Infarction at KMC Hospital, Trichy.
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Myocardial infarction results in enormous burden of increased mortality and morbidity. The experience of a serious illness, it is a sudden and life threatening event for the people. After MI, it threaten the patient's stability, security, adaptability, beliefs and assumptions. This study was aimed to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme regarding cardiac rehabilitation in terms of knowledge, attitude and practice among patients with myocardial infarction at KMC hospital, Trichy. The research approach used for the study was evaluative approach. The Pre experimental One group pretest, post test design was used. The Conceptual framework of the study was based on the “wiedenbach's helping art of clinical nursing”. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 60 samples for the study, The tool used for the study was structured interview schedule to assess the knowledge, five point likert scale to assess the attitude and observational checklist for practice regarding cardiac rehabilitation among patients with myocardial infarction. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The paired ‘t value for knowledge was 12.074 which was significant at 0.05 level of significance. The paired ‘t value for attitude was 10.836 which was significant at 0.05 level of significance. The paired ‘t’ value for attitude was 11.455 which was significant at 0.05 level of significance. There is a positive correlation between mean posttest knowledge and practice scores r =0.91, Hence it is inferred that knowledge and practice depends on each other. There were significant association between posttest level of knowledge regarding cardiac rehabilitation among patients with myocardial infarction with their demographic variables like age, sex, educational status, family monthly income, area of residence, and number of attacks, except marital status and occupation. The study findings revealed that there was a significant improvement in the knowledge, attitude, practice regarding cardiac rehabilitation among patients with myocardial infarction followed by structured teaching programme. And it helps them to acquire knowledge, develop positive attitude and correct practice regarding cardiac rehabilitation.
Myocardial infarction, illness, knowledge, attitude, practice.