Prevalence of Pre-diabetes and Diabetes mellitus among the Northern Railway Employees: A retrospective study
*Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com
Non-communicable diseases are major public health threat for all community around the world. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a non-communicable disease. DM is increased drastically in last 20 years at global level. DM is related with the life style changes. It is a metabolic disorder characterized by the increased blood sugar level due to deficiency of Insulin. The side effects of diabetes mellitus include chronic damage to vital organs. India is becoming the diabetes hub of the world.
To assess the prevalence of Pre-diabetes and Diabetes mellitus among the northern railway employees. To assess the association among Pre-diabetes, diabetes and selected variable factors.
Settings and Design
Research approach adopted for the study was Survey. The study has been done from January 2016 to July 2017 at Northern Railway divisional hospital, Delhi. Total of 1238 Railway employees were selected for the study by random sampling. Data collection was done from periodic medical examination (PME) books.
The study revealed that the prevalence of Pre-diabetes and DM were 12.05% and 08.45% respectively. Age group (45–60 years) has the most cases of DM. There was no significant association between DM (χ2= 3.453NS) with selected factors.
Diabetes mellitus is a growing epidemic. The burden of Diabetes mellitus is increasing in India. Railway employees are more prone to Pre-diabetes compare to diabetes mellitus. Age is an independent factor. Pre-diabetes and Diabetes cases were more common in 46–60 years age group. The study indicates need for various awareness and screening programs to control the disease.
Non-communicable disease, Pre-diabetes, Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Northern Railway employees, Prevalence.