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International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management
Year : 2016, Volume : 4, Issue : 4
First page : ( 327) Last page : ( 330)
Print ISSN : 2347-8632. Online ISSN : 2454-2652.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2652.2016.00073.1

Factors Intend to Brain Drain among Staff Nurses

Bimal Meena Kumari*, Kaur Ravneet, Kaur Ramandeep

Community Health Nursing Department, Shaheed Kartar Singh Sarabha College of Nursing, Ludhiana, (Punjab), India

*Corresponding Author's Email: nainubimal@gmail.com

Online published on 12 January, 2017.

Abstract

A descriptive study was conducted on staff nurses of selected hospitals of Ludhiana, Punjab, to assess factors intend to brain drain among nurses. Material and Methods: Tool consisted of two parts; demographic data and rating scale to assess factors intend to brain drain among nurses which included the four factors i.e. professional factors, economical factors, personal factors and psychological factors. Pilot study was conducted to ensure the reliability and feasibility of the study. The study was conducted on 100 staff nurses of selected private hospitals of district Ludhiana, Punjab. Convenient sampling technique was used to collect data. Results: 98% of staff nurses had more contributing factors intend to brain drain whereas only 2% of staff nurses had less contributing factors intend to brain drain. The relationship of brain drain with contributing factors showed that professional factor, economical factor and personal factors were more contributing among 95% of staff nurses and less contributing among very few i.e. 5% of staff nurses while the psychological factor was more contributing to brain drain among 68% of nurses and less contributing in 32% of staff nurses. Statistically significant relationship was found in factor score with staff nurses who had previously visited abroad at p< 0.05 level of significance. Statistically significant association was found in contributing factors with having children, type of family and reason for migration. Conclusion: The study concluded that professional factors, economical factors, personal factors and psychological factors were contributing factors intend to brain drain among staff nurses. Therefore, it is recommended that government need to demonstrate a commitment to the needs of the nurses and a firm recognition of the value of nursing care and nursing profession.

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Keywords

Brain drain, factors, staff nurses.

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