A study to assess the knowledge of III year GNM students regarding management of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension in selected college of Belgaum Karnataka
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Hypertension is a universal problem and it complicates at least 10% of all the pregnancies. Preeclampsia is defined as the triad of hypertension, proteinuria and edema occurring after 20 weeks gestation in previously normotensive women. It is specific to human pregnancy. It is transient but potentially dangerous complication of pregnancy. Preeclampsia is still one of the leading causes of maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. It is well known fact that electrolytes play an important role in aetiopathogenesis of hypertension. So need to improve the knowledge of sample regarding the management of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, since they are only health care personnel who work with pregnant mother at grass root level.
Objectives of study were
1. To assess the knowledge of III year GNM students regarding management of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension. 2. To determine the association between knowledge scores and selected socio demographic variables.
Materials and methods
The study was conducted using non experimental descriptive study design. The demographic variables were Age, Religion, Source of information etc. The study was conducted on 30 samples of III year GNM class of KLEU's Institute of Nursing Science, Belgaum, Karnataka. The instrument used for data collection was structured knowledge questionnaire. The data obtained was tabulated and analysed in terms of objectives of study, using descriptive and inferential statistics.
The major finding of the study were: -The data on sample characteristics revealed that, 0% (0) were belonged to age group of 19–20 years, 66.66% (20) students were belonged to age group of 20–21 years, 33.33% (10) were belonged to age group 22–23 years, 0% (0) were belonged to age group 24–25 years. Among all 86.66% (26) were Hindus, 6.66% (2) were Muslim, 6.66% (2) were Christian and no student belonging to the other religions. About source of information, 73.33% (22)had got information through books, 3.33% (1) had got information from hospitals, 13.33% (4) had got information from teachers, 10% (3) had got information from other means. The findings on assessment of knowledge regarding management of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension showed that 3.33% (1) student had good knowledge, 76.67% (23) students had average knowledge and 20% (6) students had poor knowledge about management of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension. Statistical analysis using Chi-square test to find out association between knowledge of III year GNM students and selected socio demographic variables, revealed that the knowledge score and demographic variables are independent of each other at 0.05 level of significance.
Knowledge, Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, III year GNM Students.