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International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology
Year : 2015, Volume : 8, Issue : 2
First page : ( 359) Last page : ( 364)
Print ISSN : 0974-1712. Online ISSN : 2230-732X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2230-732X.2015.00044.3

Decomposition of Bt Cotton Residues affecting Soil microbial activity under varied Soils

Kumari Sujata1, Manjhi Barun Kumar1, Beura K. S.2, Rakshit Amitava1,*

1Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP-221005, India

2Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Bisra Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur-813210, India

*Corresponding author: amitavar@bhu.ac.in

Abstract

The effect of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton residues on soil microbiological activity was investigated. Greenhouse study was carried out during the 2011 wet season (March to August) at Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University. It was experimented on three different soil orders that included entisol, inceptisol and alfisol. Bt cotton (var.NCS-138) and its non-transgenic isoline (var.NCS-138) were grown until maturity along with one control treatment. Microbial population count, Dehydrogenage activity and Microbial Biomass Carbon (MBC) were estimated following standard protocols. The decomposition of cotton crop residues resulted increased micro-flora populations and microbial biomass carbon (MBC). When residue was retained, non- Bt cotton showed higher populations of micro-flora as well as MBC that of Bt-cotton. Results from the study revealed that a significant reduction (7.5%) of the dehydrogenase activity was there in case of Bt-cotton. The interaction effect between soil type and varieties was found to be non significant for the soil micro-flora populations for different sampling stages throughout the incorporation period.These results suggest that Bt-transgenic cotton tissues have no apparent effect on soil microbial activity.

Highlights

  • Bt-transgenic cotton tissues have no apparent effect on soil microbial activity.

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Keywords

Bt-cotton, soil types, soil micro-flora.

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