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International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology
Year : 2014, Volume : 7, Issue : 4
First page : ( 811) Last page : ( 816)
Print ISSN : 0974-1712. Online ISSN : 2230-732X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2230-732X.2014.01391.6

Nutrient composition, uptake by weeds and rice under different crop establishment and weed management practices

Talla Arunbabu*, Jena Satya Nanda

Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

*Corresponding author: arunbabu.neluthalla@gmail.com

Online published on 9 January, 2015.

Abstract

Field study was conducted during the kharif, 2011 at Agronomy Research Farm, Central Research Station, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar to assess the nutrient concentration and uptake by weeds and crops under different crop establishment methods. Weedy check recorded highest nutrient content of weeds. Weedy check plot recorded the maximum N, P and K content of 0.83, 0.13 and 1.3% respectively. The removal of N,P and K (82.45,13.42 and 127.74 kg ha−1) was the highest in the same treatment and the lowest nutrient uptake by conoweeding N,P and K was 0.73, 0.13 and 1.25% and removal of N,P and K (kg ha−1) was 17.34, 3.11 and 29.44 respectively. The nutrient content of grain and straw of rice in conoweeding was maximum recording N, P and K of grain are 1.33, 0.37 and 1.26% respectively. The corresponding values for straw were 0.44, 0.10 and 1.82% respectively. The weedy check recorded the lower values of N, P and K content as compared with weed control treatments. Nutrient uptake of rice crop showed that maximum uptake of nutrient was recorded in SRI (62.72 and 25.13 kg ha−1 of N, 17.06 and 5.26 kg ha−1 of P and 13.04 and 101.11 kg h−1a of K in grain and straw respectively) it was followed by transplanting, drum seeding and line sowing. Minimum depletion of 47.34 kg of N, 11.18 kg ha−1 of P and 67.54 kg ha−1 of K was observed in weedy check taking the total values of grain and straw. The highest benefit: cost ratio were recorded in the SRI supplemented with conoweeder.

Highlights

  • Weedy check recorded the maximum removal of N, P and K of 82.45, 13.42 and 127.74 kg ha−1 respectively.

  • Maximum uptake of nutrient was recorded in SRI (62.72 and 25.13 kg ha−1 of N, 17.06 and 5.26 kg ha−1 of P and 13.04 and 101.11 kg ha−1of K) with respect of conoweeder 63.34 and 24.52 kg ha−1 of N, 17.62 and 5.57 kg ha−1 of P and 12.38 and 101.42 kg ha−1of K) for grain and straw respectively.

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Keywords

Crop establishment methods, weed management practices, nutrient content, uptake, Rice.

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