Prevalence of anemia in pregnancy
Pregnancy anaemia is one of the important public health problem not only in India but also in most of the South East Asian countries anaemia in pregnancy has effects may have deleterious to mothers and fetuses.
The present study was conducted to find the prevalence of anemia in pregnancy and to investigate causes of anemia in pregnancy in and around Raichur.
Prospective and descriptive study.
Material and Methods
The study is carried out in Navodaya Medical College and Hospital and Govt. District Hospital, Raichur, during the period 01-09-2008 to 31-10-2008. During this period 185 patients visited at OBGYNE OPD were included in the study.
The subjects included in the study were clinically examined is rule out any other systemic illness in pregnancy and those subjects were obtained informed consent regarding following lab investigations mentioned below, 2 ml. of venous blood is obtained from each subject for Hb % estimation and peripheral smear examination.
The values obtained after the examination were tabulated and compared between trimesters with the standard values of WHO recommendation.
All the parameters were measured and analyzed by descriptive statistics.
The current study showed that the prevalence of anaemia is high (88.64%) and severe degree anaemia is also seen in high incidence. The knowledge about anaemia in pregnant women and complications occurring during pregnancy due to anaemia, is very poor i.e. 6.48% of cases only have this knowledge & 93.5% are not having this knowledge.
Mild degree of anaemia seen (49.18%), the type anaemia is Microcytic hypochromic anaemia (63.24%), which is mainly due to iron deficiency anaemia of nutritional anaemia. Multi gravida is seen (68.03%), minimum gravida 1 and maximum gravida 5. severe anaemia seen in multi gravida that is gravida 4 & 5. The knowledge about anaemia in pregnancy & its complications in the patients is very low (6.48%). And 94.59% of pregnant women in 3rd trimester attended the antenatal care 1st time. 48.64% of cases lie between the age group 18–24 years and shows early pregnancy. By all these conclusions, still more research are to be undertake in Raichur district, to prevent the complication of anaemia in the pregnant women's to have the healthy society.
Anemia, Pregnancy, Trimester, Knowledge.