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Indian Journal of Agronomy
Year : 2019, Volume : 64, Issue : 3
First page : ( 310) Last page : ( 314)
Print ISSN : 0537-197X. Online ISSN : 0974-4460.

Effect of dates and methods of rice (Oryza sativa) transplantation on growth and yield, nutrient uptake and economics of rice-lentil (Lens culinaris) system

Deka Anju Mala1,*, Bora P.C.2, Kalita H.1, Guha B.2, Thakuria K.2

Regional Agricultural Research Station, Assam Agricultural University, Shillongani, Nagaon, Assam, 782 002

1(Agronomy), Regional Agricultural Research Station, Shillongani, Nagaon, 782 002

2Professor and Head (Agronomy), Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, 785 013

*Corresponding author's Email: anjumaladeka.sms@gmail.com

Online published on 20 July, 2020.

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at Regional Agricultural Research Station, Shillongani, Nagaon, Assam during rainy (kharif)-winter (rabi) seasons of 2014–15 and 2015–16 to study the effect of dates of transplanting under different methods of cultivation on productivity of winter rice (Oryza sativa L.) and their residual effect on lentil (Lens cultivaris Medikus) on rice-lentil relay system. Rice transplanted on 20 June recorded significantly higher yield attributes and grain yield as compared to the later dates of transplanting. Transplanting on 20 June resulted in higher values in respect of yield attributes, yield of relayed lentil, rice equivalent yield (REY) of rice-lentil relay system. NPK uptake by rice and lentil as well as soil fungal and bacterial population after harvest of rice and lentil were also higher when transplanted on 20 June. System of Rice Intensification (SRI) recorded significantly higher values of yield attributes and grain yield of rice as compared to conventional method. In case of relayed lentil, yield attributes, seed yield and REY were found higher under SRI method of rice cultivation. Under SRI method, higher uptake of NPK by rice and lentil and higher soil fungal and bacterial populations after harvest of rice and lentil were observed as compared to conventional method. However, conventional method of rice cultivation recorded significantly higher values of soil available N, P2O5 and K2O content at the end of 2 year-crop cycle over that of SRI.

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Keywords

Date of transplanting, Lentil, Method of cultivation, Relay, Rice, Soil Health, System of rice intensification.

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