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Geographic
Year : 2018, Volume : 13, Issue : 1
First page : ( 73) Last page : ( 85)
Print ISSN : 0975-4121.

Towards Self-Sufficiency in Rice: A Comparative Study of Rice Cultivation Practices in Mizoram

Vangchhia Lalrinpuia1, Lawmchullova Immanuel2

1Guest Faculty in the Department of Geography and Resource Management, Mizoram University, Aizawl, Mizoram

2Department of Geography and Resource Management, Mizoram University, Aizawl, Mizoram

Online published on 23 July, 2019.

Abstract

Agriculture has been traditionally a subsistence profession in Mizoram. The self-sufficiency in rice production are not yet to achieve due to low productivity resulting from several factors like steep slopes, erratic rainfall, high degree of soil erosion, shallow soil depth, inaccessible terrain and system of rice cultivation. The main aim of the present study is to find out the most suitable rice cultivation system by comparing the three existing rice cultivation system viz. Shifting, Wet Rice Cultivation (WRC) and System of Rice Intensification (SRI) methods in Mizoram to achieved self-sufficient. The study tries to find out the best practices of rice cultivation system in terms of productivity, problems and prospects among the three cultivation methods. Field surveyed was conducted during the ends of 2018 by employing a concrete scheduled. Z-score Standardize techniques, Pearson's co-efficient of correlation, percentile and simple arithmetic have been used to analyzed data. The study finds System of Rice Intensification is the best suited method to attain selfsufficiency in rice among the three cultivation methods.

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Keywords

Agriculture, Shifting cultivation, Wet Rice Cultivation, System of Rice Intensification, self-sufficiency.

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