Prevalence of Oral Lesions Associated with Skin Diseases-A Clinical Survey
*Address for Correspondence: Dr. Gaurav Goyal, Sr. Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur, India, Punjab, E-mail: email@example.com
Dermatologic diseases are not only represented by lesions affecting the skin but also by manifestations that may involve the mucous membranes, including oral mucosa
To evaluate the frequency of oral manifestations associated with dermatologic diseases considering location and clinical characteristics of the lesions found and also gender and age of the patients.
It was an observational, cross-sectional study of patients who sought for treatment at the department of Oral Medicine and Radiology in association with Anil Baghi Hospital, Ferozepur.
Age varied from 5 to 88 and there was predominance of female patients. 35% of the cases studied were diagnosed as lichen planus; 11% as lupus erythematosus; 13% as erythema multiforme; 30% as pemphigus vulgaris and 11% as pemphigoid group. Oral manifestations were more common among patients suffering from lichen planus (51%) and pemphigus vulgaris (23%). The most common clinical presentation found was reticular lichen planus located most predominantly in the buccal mucosa.
It is essential that dentists know these pathologies to be able to diagnose them in an early stage of the disease and to direct patients to adequate treatment. Furthermore, intraoral examination should be included as a routine practice in dermatological services.
Dermatology, Diagnosis, Oral manifestations.