Users online: 1728    [ij] [ij] [ij] 
Email id

Baba Farid University Dental Journal
Year : 2014, Volume : 5, Issue : 3
First page : ( 117) Last page : ( 122)
Print ISSN : 0976-8181. Online ISSN : 2230-7273.

Evaluation of Maxillary Anterior Teeth and their relation to the golden proportion, RED and golden percentage in North Indian population

Jaswinder Kaur1,*

1Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Prosthodontics, Baba Jaswant Singh Dental College Hospital and Research Institute, Ludhiana

*Address for Correspondence: -Dr. Jaswinder Kaur, Senior Lecturer, Dept. of ProsthodonticsBaba Jaswant Singh Dental College Hospital and Research Institute, Ludhiana

Online published on 18 May, 2016.



The purpose of this study is to investigate existence of golden proportion, recurring esthetic dental proportion and golden percentage between the widths of maxillary anterior teeth in individuals with natural dentition having an esthetic smile

Methods and Materials

Anterior tooth images of 71 (female) subjects, viewed from the front and engaged in maximum smiling were recorded with digital photography under standardized condition Relationship between the anterior teeth and golden proportion, RED, golden percentage was analyzed.


The golden proportion was found to exist in 23.9% of perceived lateral to central incisor ratios and in 8.4% of the perceived canine to lateral incisor ratios, RED proportion between central and lateral incisors lie in the 69.6–69.8%range. However taking golden percentage in consideration central incisors represented 22%, lateral incisors 15% and canine 12% of the width of six maxillary anterior teeth from frontal view.


The golden proportion and RED was not found to exist between the perceived widths of maxillary anterior teeth. However golden percentage was constant in terms of relative tooth width.



esthetics, golden proportion, maxillary teeth, anterior, natural.


║ Site map ║ Privacy Policy ║ Copyright ║ Terms & Conditions ║ Page Rank Tool
369,204,960 visitor(s) since 30th May, 2005.
All rights reserved. Site designed and maintained by DIVA ENTERPRISES PVT. LTD..
Note: Please use Internet Explorer (6.0 or above). Some functionalities may not work in other browsers.