Characterization of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Marker in the Chinese Giant Salamander Andrias davidianus
*Corresponding Author: Qiaomu Hu; Yangtze River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei, 430223, China
**Yumei Chang: College of Life Science, Yangtze University, Jingzhou-434025, China, Email: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus is called “baby fish” in China. Due to its palatability and nutritional value, it was widely cultured in China. The current study was to evaluate the genetic diversity of the farmed A. davidianus.
30 salamanders were collected from farm and DNA was extracted. Thirty contigs potentially containing SNPs were selected from the previously developed RAD-seq library. The primer was designed and PCR was performed, than the products was sequenced from different direction. At last the sequences were analyzed using the vector NTI 10.
5824bp high-quality sequences embodied in 16 contigs were sequenced and eighty SNP loci were identified which each SNP locus exhibited bi-alleles. The effective allele number from 1.03 to 2.00 and the minor allele frequency was 0.017 to 0.500. The expected heterozygosity was from 0.0333 to 0.5091 and the observed heterozygosity was 0.0333 to 1.0000. Sixty-six of the 80 loci significantly deviated from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P < 0.05). The results provide useful genomic resources to evaluate the genetic diversity of A. davidianus for conservation and aquaculture.
Andrias davidianus, Amphibian, Genetic diversity, SNP marker.