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Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology
Year : 2016, Volume : 16, Issue : 1
First page : ( 71) Last page : ( 82)
Print ISSN : 0972-2963. Online ISSN : 0974-181X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-181X.2016.00007.X

Effect of Concentrate Feed and Crop Residue Based Complete Feed Block on Nutrient Utilization, Growth and Physiological Performance of Beetal Kids under Stall-fed Conditions

Saijpaul S.1, Chandrahas*, Saini A.L.

College of Veterinary Sciences, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana-141 004, India

1Division of AG&B, ICAR-Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, India

*Corresponding author: drchandrahas2003@gmail.com

Online published on 6 September, 2016.


To study the effect of two concentrate feed (20% CP, TC (Control) vs 25% CP, THP) and a crop residue based feed block (TFB) on nutrient utilization, growth and physiological performances, 18 Beetal kids of 3.5 months were randomly divided into three groups with 6 animals in each. Kids of TC and THP were fed with green fodder ad lib and wheat straw @ 5% of fodder offered, whereas, kids of TFB were fed only crop residue based complete feed block. After 180 days, the body weight gain of TC and THP were similar but significantly (P<0.05) higher than TFB. The digestibilities of OM, CP, NDF and total carbohydrates were also higher in kids of TC and THP than TFB. The DCP intake and nitrogen retention was higher in TC and THP kids. The total nitrogen outgo remained similar in all the groups. Barring few exceptions, haematological and biochemical profiles among various treatment groups were almost similar and within normal range. Both T3 and T4 had elevated trend in THP and TC, whereas, it declined in TFB group. It was concluded that optimum feed utilization and growth can be obtained in goat kids fed with concentrate mixture with 20% CP along with ad lib green fodder under stall-fed conditions. Further, increasing the CP content in concentrate mixture has no additional advantage and crop residue based complete feed can meet only the maintenance and partial growth requirements of the animals.



Beetal kids, Biochemistry, Feed block, Growth, Haematology, Hormone.


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