Relationship of Contraceptive use with Children Ever Born and Women's Empowerment in India: A Regional Analysis
From the very implementation of Family planning in India in 1952 the demographic and health profile in India has changed drastically. The current use of family planning methods among currently married women aged 15–49 has increased from 42.8% in NFHS-I (1992–93) to 53.5% in NFHS-IV (2015–16).
Data has been analyzed from NFHS-III (2005–06), Trend analysis, Bivariate analysis to find the prevalence, and Logistic regression has been used to carry out the study and find the results.
As per trend analysis of NFHS the knowledge is almost now universal in nature across India but even with the universal knowledge the use has been decreased in all four regions i.e. north-east, east, south and west region except in north region. Women in North-east region are significantly less likely to use contraceptive methods in comparison to women in North region (O. R=0.681, p≤.001) and women in south region are significantly more likely to use contraceptive method in comparison to North region (O. R=1.629, p≤.001). Women with high empowerment level are significantly more likely to use contraceptive method in comparison to women with low empowerment level (O. R=1.681, p≤.001). If children ever born to women is 3–5 then it is significantly more likely to use contraception in comparison to women having children ever born equals 0–2 (O. R=2.855, p≤.001).
There is a wide gap between knowledge and use of Contraception among currently married women aged 15–49. Therefore, there is the need to assess the shortcomings. There is need to fulfil the unmet needs of contraception and focus on the important determinants which effect use and non-use of contraception among women in India.
contraception, married women, children ever born, empowerment and regions.