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Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities
Year : 2014, Volume : 4, Issue : 6
First page : ( 161) Last page : ( 179)
Online ISSN : 2249-7315.

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Food Security: Some Empirical Evidences

Dr. Adhikary Maniklal*, Sarkar Khokon**

*Professor, University of Burdwan, Golapbag, Burdwan

**Assistant Professor, M.U.C Women's College, Rajbati, Burdwan

Online published on 11 June, 2014.

Abstract

After emergence of the concept of Food Security it has evolved with time and with trade liberalization. It has also grown in importance. Trade liberalization has brought out many faces of food security. In some countries it has resulted in better security in household and national level and in some it has shown a trend of decline. This has been exemplified with empirical evidence. Food security as a concept is mainly related with household and thus has direct relation with purchasing capability of individual household. The trend in trade of a country depends wholly on its resource. Thus trade liberalization has different effects on different countries on the basis of their resources and their implication. So, it is better to have precautionary measures to avoid any negative impact of the world effecting phenomenon as trade liberalization. In this paper first we consider the food security position of different countries across the world, and after that we took special looks on Indian economies food security status empirically. We have examined the effect of openness of trade on food security. However the per capita food availability in Indian economies has been considered as a proxy for food security measure.

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Keywords

Food security, per capita food availability, import, export, openness to trade.

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