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Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities
Year : 2012, Volume : 2, Issue : 4
First page : ( 193) Last page : ( 205)
Online ISSN : 2249-7315.

Human-wildlife conflict in a degraded habitat of lower chambal valley

Kumar Hemant, Research Scholar

Centre for Study of Regional Development, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Online published on 9 April, 2012.

Abstract

Human-wildlife conflict is a growing concern issue. The overlapping of requirements of human and wildlife is a foremost cause of conflicts. The issue of crop depredation and subsequent conflicts arising between human-wildlife in recent times is a growing concern. The growing loss of habitats by land degradation is a major cause of increasing conflict between humans and wildlife in tropical region. As natural habitat of wildlife becomes more and more fragmented and they gets cramped into smaller pockets of suitable habitat, humans and wildlife are increasingly coming into contact and in conflict with each other. Due to expansion of ravines wildlife habitats as well as arable land is shrinking in semi-arid region of Chambal valley. Villages in lower Chambal valley reported crop and livestock depredation by wild carnivores including as nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra), wild boar (Sus scrofa), Indian gazelle (Gazella gazella), Indian porcupine (Hystrix indica), Sambar (Rusa unicolor). Conflicts are particularly serious, where rural people live in close association with protected areas. In the present study peasants’ perception about encroachment of arable lands by wild-animals has been assessed. In all three surveyed villages 36.65% peasants reported wildanimal as a cause of low production. It is reported high (60% peasants) in the village inhabited nearby protected forest covers. Due to excess animal encroachment 45% peasants of all surveyed villages are reported to prevent growing some particular crops. About 84% peasant thinks wildanimal as one of the cause to stopped growing some particular crops, hence forced to bring a change in crop pattern. This paper discusses agricultural crop-raiding by locally overabundant populations of wild and the possible management strategies that can limit or reduce the conflict animal in a part of lower Chambal valley.

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Keywords

Lower Chambal valley, ravines, wildlife, protected areas, crop depredation, management strategies.

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