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Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities
Year : 2012, Volume : 2, Issue : 11
First page : ( 21) Last page : ( 31)
Print ISSN : 0000-0000. Online ISSN : 2249-7315.

Determinants of tourism in Jammu and Kashmir – An empirical analysis

Dr. M Mahesha.*, Mr. Kuchy Rais Ahmad**

*Assistant Professor, DOS in Economics, University of Mysore, Karnataka, India.

**Research Scholar, DOS in Economics, University of Mysore, Karnataka, India.

Online published on 3 November, 2012.

Abstract

The objective of this study is to estimate the determinants of International tourist arrival to Jammu and Kashmir. The paper used the gravity model to International tourist arrival covering the period of 1998 to 2007 for ten countries VIZ. Canada, U.S.A., France, Germany, Netherland, Itlay, Malayasia, Japan, Australia and U.K. Factors influencing on tourist arrivals are classified as economic and geographic factors. GDP, exchange rate and infrastructure are the economic factors and distance is the geographic factor. The results showed that income of other countries and the income of Jammu and Kashmir are significant and had a great influence on tourist arrival to Jammu and Kashmir. Distance is associated with the decrease in tourist arrival. More the distance between Jammu and Kashmir and the other country lesser will be the arrivals to Jammu and Kashmir and vice versa. The results confirm the findings of previous studies that income, exchange rate, infrastructure and distance has vital role for the tourist arrival to Jammu and Kashmir. The results also implies that tourism demand in J&K is mainly depends on the factor of tourism generating countries. Local factors are not effective in demand generation except the infrastructure.

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Keywords

Tourism Panel data models Fixed effects Random effects.

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