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Asian Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Science
Year : 2018, Volume : 8, Issue : 4
First page : ( 236) Last page : ( 240)
Print ISSN : 2231-5640. Online ISSN : 2231-5659.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2231-5659.2018.00039.5

Etiology and Management of Pediatric Seizures: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

Mugada Vinodkumar*, Kolakota Raj Kiran

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Vignan Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology, Duvvada, Andhra Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: vinod59mugada@gmail.com

Online published on 25 December, 2018.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to know the etiology and types of various seizures in all children of age less than six years and to determine the type of management of seizures. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out on 109 pediatric patients. Purposive sampling technique was employed for sampling. Patients of age less than six years and who are willing to cooperate were included in the study. Children with other diseases and critically ill patients were excluded from the study. 40.3% (44) children experienced their first seizure when they are less than one year of age (26 were males and 18 were females). 62.3% of children had common generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Febrile seizures were the most common cause among the children. Monotherapy was administered to the majority of patients (58.7%). Phenytoin was the most commonly used antiepileptic drug in patients receiving monotherapy. Febrile seizures are common and they can be effectively managed by using Phenytoin as monotherapy.

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Keywords

Pediatric, seizures, antiepileptic drugs, phenytoin, febrile.

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