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Dengue is a mosquito borne infection caused by dengue virus. It is common in warm, wet areas of the world. Outbreaks occur in the rainy season. It is rare in the United States. It does not spread from person to person. Symptoms include a high fever, headaches, joint and muscle pain, vomiting, and rashes. In some cases, dengue turns into dengue hemorrhagic fever, which causes bleeding from nose, gums, or under the skin. It can also become dengue shock syndrome, which causes massive bleeding and shock. These forms of dengue are life-threatening. There is no specific treatment. Most people with dengue recover within 2 weeks. Until then, drinking lots of fluids, resting and taking non-aspirin fever-reducing medicines might be helpful. People with the more severe forms of dengue usually need to get hospitalized and get fluids. It can be prevented by avoiding going to the areas effected with dengue cases, wearing insect repellent with DEET, wearing clothes covering arms, legs and feet and by closing open doors and windows. Population growth, rapid urbanization, increase in international travel from endemic areas and global warming are playing a major role in disease spread. Measures should be taken to control the aforementioned causes to prevent disease spread and reduce epidemic flare up.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), Dengue shock syndrome (DSS), Dengue fever, Aedes aegypti (Ae. aegypti).