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Asian Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Science
Year : 2020, Volume : 10, Issue : 3
First page : ( 138) Last page : ( 140)
Print ISSN : 2231-5640. Online ISSN : 2231-5659.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2231-5659.2020.00025.9

A case report on viral meningoencephalitis

Ommi Anusha*

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Vignan Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology, Duvvada, Visakhapatnam

*Corresponding Author E-mail: anushaommi@gmail.com

Online published on 16 September, 2020.

Abstract

Viral infections of the central nervous system (CNS) including meningitis and encephalitis are commonly seen in clinical practice worldwide. Viral meningoencephalitis used to denote a viral infectious process of both the brain/spinal cord and the meninges. Severe viral meningoencephalitis continues to impose high rates of morbidity and mortality. In this case report a 42 year old female patient presented with fever with chills, constipation, abdominal pain, headache and vomitings. On initial examination, the patient showed kernig sign which is indication for meningitis. Clinical presentation and cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed that the patient had viral meningoencephalitis. On second day of admission, she had generalized tonic-clonic seizure (GTCS) attack and went into unconscious state. The patient was treated symptomatically and died due to poor prognosis. Viral meningoencephalitis is a medical emergency where early diagnosis and treatment might help for the better outcome.

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Keywords

Central nervous system, Meningitis, Encephalitis, Meningoencephalitis, Generalized tonic-clonic seizure.

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