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Asian Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Science
Year : 2020, Volume : 10, Issue : 2
First page : ( 124) Last page : ( 130)
Print ISSN : 2231-5640. Online ISSN : 2231-5659.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2231-5659.2020.00023.5

An Overview on Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacokinetic Modeling

Debnath Subhashis1,*, Kumar T. H. Harish2

1Royal School of Pharmacy, The Assam Royal Global University, Guwahati, Assam, India

2Department of Pharmaceutics, Seven Hills College of Pharmacy, Tirupati-517561, A.P, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sdebnath@rgu.ac

Online published on 3 June, 2020.

Abstract

Pharmacokinetics is proposed to study the absorption, distribution, biotransformation and elimination of drugs in man and animals. A more careful description of the data can be obtained interpolating and extrapolating the drug concentrations with some mathematical functions. These functions may be used to reduce all the data in a small set of parameters, or to verify if the hypotheses incorporated in the functions are confirmed by the observations. In the first case, we can say that the task is to get a simulation of the data, in the second to get a model. The functions used to interpolate and reduce the pharmacokinetic data are the multiexponential functions and the reference models are the compartmental models whose solutions are just the multiexponential functions. Using models, new meaningful pharmacokinetic parameters may be defined which can be used to find relationships between the drug kinetic profile and the physiological process which drive the drug absorption, distribution and elimination. For example, compartmental models allow to define easily the clearance which is dependent on the drug elimination process, or the volume of distribution which depends on the drug distribution in the tissues. Models provide also an easy way to get an estimate of drug absorption after extra vascular drug administration (bioavailability). Model building is a complex multistep process where, experiment by experiment and simulation by simulation, new hypothesis are proven and disproven through a continuous interaction between the experimenter and the computer.

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Keywords

Bioavailability, Biotransformation, pharmacokinetics, compartmental model, physiological model.

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