Analysis of Osteoporosis risk factors in Menopausal women's of Algeria population
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Background and Purpose
This study aim at evaluating some risk factors in women with osteoporosis disease (OP) in Guemar (El Oued, Algeria) region
Materials and Methods
The study was based on 241 voluntary individuals divided into menopausal healthy women reserved as a control with average age of 49.23±3.73 years old and osteoporosis menopausal women (patients) with average age of 49.97±3.21 years old; their origin covers the whole Guemar (El Oued, Algeria) region. Risk of certain socio-clinical factors was estimated by the determination of the value of Odd Ratio (OR)
Our study showed a high association between clinical factors such as thyroid problems, hormonal alternatives, menstrual perturbations and vitamin D deficiency before menopause (OR = 6.682, 5.688, 5.516; p ≤ 0.05) with Osteoporosis disease among the menopausal women respectively. We showedalso that the bone problems before menopause, family historywere the most dangerous risk factor, (OR = 65.646; p = 0.000 and OR= 41.152; p=0.000) respectively, whilemilk, fish diet, legumes, fresh vegetables and fruits, sunshine exposure, walking sport and menopause after 50 years (OR ranging from 0, 029 to 0.463, p <0.038) are important protective factors against this disease
In conclusion lifestyle is a contributing factor in osteoporosis attainment in the region of Guemar (El Oued, Algeria), which requires high sensitivity to modify these behaviorsto limit the progression of the disease in the study region.
Osteoporosis, Risk Factors, Odds Ratio, Menopause, Guemar.