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Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry
Year : 2015, Volume : 8, Issue : 6
First page : ( 407) Last page : ( 412)
Print ISSN : 0974-4169. Online ISSN : 0974-4150.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-4150.2015.00067.X

Prevalence of HCV Infection in Healthy Donors of Rewa Division

Dr. Singh Uday Raj1, Dr. Mishra S. K.2, Dr. Uike Gajendra Pal Singh3, Dr. Singh Amar Bahadur3, Dr. Gond Santosh4, Dr. Gupta Jyoti4

1Associate Professor and HOD, Department of Pathology, S.S.M.C., Rewa, (M.P.)

2Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, S.S.M.C., Rewa, (M.P.)

3Resident, Final Year, S.S.M.C., Rewa, (M.P.)

4Resident, Second Year, S.S.M.C., Rewa, (M.P.)

*Corresponding Author

Online published on 17 October, 2015.

Abstract

Background

In central India (M.P.) there is high prevalence of hepatitis; of which hepatitis C contributes as a major cause of hepatitis. In our area there were no major efforts to contain the disease. According to one estimate most of the hepatitis C occurs due to negligence transfusion of infected blood (Hepatitis C). Therefore we have tried to found percentage of population infected with this disease.

Material and Methods

Study design-Prospective study. For screening donors we have used one step rapid test for the detection of HCV and confirmatory test was done by ELISA method.

Statistical Analysis

Statistical analysis was done by using Minitab 17 Pennsylvania, USA.

Results

In our study we found 1.6% HCV infected blood among healthy donors; which was Insignificantly (p > 0.05) more in voluntary donors in comparison to replacement donors. Male between age groups 29–38 were found highly infected in comparison with other age groups. We also found prevalence was highest in Hindu community (1.69%) and more in student group (2.2%) in comparison to working and farmers.

Conclusion

For effective control of transfusion of infected blood and to prevent its spread, we have to improve community knowledge towards vaccination; educational programs for blood bank personals; and government should open blood banks at Community Health Center level.

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Keywords

Prevalence of Hepatitis C, blood transfusion associated infection, screening of hepatitis C.

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