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Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry
Year : 2015, Volume : 8, Issue : 1
First page : ( 39) Last page : ( 45)
Print ISSN : 0974-4169. Online ISSN : 0974-4150.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-4150.2015.00009.7

Effect of Ammonium Polyphosphate in Combination with Zinc Phosphate and Zinc Borate on Thermal Degradation and Flame Retardation of Polyamide 6/Clay Nanocomposites

Monga Sweety, Dahiya J. B.*

Department of Chemistry, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar-125001, Haryana, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: jbdic@yahoo.com

Abstract

In this paper, PA6/clay nanocomposites containing flame retardant additives such as ammonium polyphosphate (AP760), zinc phosphate and zinc borate were prepared by melt blending method. The resulting nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). X-ray diffraction patterns indicated the formation of intercalated structure in PA6 nanocomposites. FTIR analysis of residues obtained at 400°C revealed the formation of aromatic carbonaceous char and the presence of nitrile chain ends in the degradation products of PA6 composites. Thermogravimetric analysis and UL-94 test were performed to determine thermal stability and flammability of nanocomposites. Synergistic effects were observed on addition of zinc borate with AP760 in PA6/clay nanocomposites for increasing thermal stability by 38°C. The PA6/AP760 composite containing 20 wt% of AP760 without clay achieved flame retardancy with V-2 rating in UL-94 test.

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Keywords

Polyamide 6, Clay, Nanocomposites, Degradation, Flame retardant.

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