Evaluation of The Nutrients Concentration in The Ground Water Samples Near Hospital Areas
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Ground water is ultimate, fresh water resource with nearly balanced concentrations of the salts for human consumption there are several states in India where more than 90% populations are dependent on ground water for drinking and other purpose. The Complex nature of different waste materials (Municipal, Commercial, Industrial, Agriculture and Hospital waste) makes it challenging to prevent ground water which is a natural resource from hazardous effects of generated toxic leachate which is extremely risky for the public. The health of the ground water system greatly depends on nutrients and the various toxic contaminants it receives, optimum level of nutrients is essential for primary and secondary production, but excess may lead to Eutrophication. The addition of extranutrients into the system is of serious concern as it effects of the life of organisms in it. Nutrients come from a variety of sources. Nutrient pollution, a form of water pollution, refers to contamination by excessive inputs of nutrient. Sources of nutrient pollution include surface run off from farm fields and pastures, discharge from septic tanks, sewages from hospitals etc. The present paper focuses on the amount of nutrients in the ground water samples hear hospitals. Ground water samples were collected during premonsoon (March, April, May) and Monsoon. (June, July, August) seasons. The presence of nutrients like Nitrate-Nitrogen, Ammonia-Nitrogen, Phosphate, Sulphate, Fluoride was also analyzed.
Ground water, Nutrients, Sewages, Hospital wastes, Fluoride, Sulphate.