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Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 8, Issue : 3
First page : ( 167) Last page : ( 169)
Print ISSN : 2231-5683. Online ISSN : 2231-5691.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2231-5691.2018.00029.1

Evaluation and Assessment of Drug Utilization in Patients of Urinary Tract Infections

Joshi Yogesh*, Gurung Punam, Jain Siddhi

Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute of Technology and Science, Shri Guru Ram Rai University, Dehradun-248001, Uttarakhand, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: yogeshjoshi1583@rediffmail.com

Online published on 24 October, 2018.

Abstract

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are among the typical bacterial infections occurring in both genders but considered a key public health issue causing morbidity, especially in women population. The present study was aimed to assess the drug utilization evaluation in patients of urinary tract infections from different hospitals and clinics. The study was carried out on both in-patients as well as out-patients, which were currently being following the treatment of urinary tract infections. All the necessary and relevant information were collected from outpatient department cards, treatment charts, laboratory data reports, patient history records and verbal communication with patients. Demographic analysis revealed that among a total of 110 patients, female patients were more in number than male patients. Age wise distribution showed that majority of UTIs patients (56.36%) were between 21–40 years of age. All patients were prescribed with antibiotics. Other drugs like analgesics, anti-emetics, antacids, smooth muscle relaxants, etc. were prescribed according to the complaints of the patients. Most commonly prescribed antibiotics were nitrofurantoin (63.63%) and amikacin (51.81%). The average number of drugs per patients reflected that patients with more than 5 drugs prescribed may result in polypharmacy. Rational use of drugs should be enhanced by the use of appropriate drugs while polypharmacy should be discouraged so as to reduce the risk of drug interactions. Appropriate treatment and sanitation is very important for the management of the disease and follow up is necessary to minimize the consequences of UTIs.

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Keywords

Urinary tract infections, antibiotics, polypharmacy, complications, drug utilization.

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