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Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Year : 2012, Volume : 2, Issue : 3
First page : ( 91) Last page : ( 93)
Print ISSN : 2231-5683. Online ISSN : 2231-5691.

Evaluation of Anti-arthritic Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Pisonia grandis R.Br

Elumalai A.*, Prakash Yoganandam G.

Department of Pharmacognosy, SRM College of Pharmacy, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram Dt, Tamil Nadu, India, 603 319

*Corresponding Author E-mail: malairx@gmail.com

Online published on 19 June, 2014.

Abstract

The present study was carried out to evaluate the anti-arthritic activity of ethanolic of extract Pisonia grandis R.Br leaf (EPGL) in adjuvant induced arthritis in rats. Loss in body weight during arthritis condition was corrected on treatment with EPGL and standard drug, indomethacin. Biochemical parameters such as hemoglobin content, total WBC, RBC, erythrocyte sedimentation rate were also estimated. The ethanolic extract at the dose of 300 mg/kg body weight inhibited the rat paw edema by 68.32% which is comparable with standard drug indomethacin 75.87% inhibition of rat paw edema after 21 days. The results of the current investigation concluded that EPGL possess a significant antiarthritic activity against freund's adjuvant induced arthritis and justifying its therapeutic role in arthritic condition. The observed antiarthritic activity may be due to the presence of phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, phenolic compounds and flavonoids.

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Keywords

Arthritis, Freund's adjuvant, Indomethacin, EPGL-Ethanolic Extract of Pisonia grandis leaf.

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