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Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Year : 2020, Volume : 10, Issue : 3
First page : ( 177) Last page : ( 182)
Print ISSN : 2231-5683. Online ISSN : 2231-5691.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2231-5691.2020.00031.3

Analysis of risk factors for gestational diabetes in el oued (algeria) population

Chihani Basma1, Djaballah Chaima1, Derouiche Samir1,2,*

1Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Faculty of the Sciences of Nature and Life, El Oued University, El Oued, 39000, El Oued, Algeria

2Laboratory of Biodiversity and Application of Biotechnology in the Agricultural Field, Faculty of the Sciences of Nature and Life, University of El Oued, El-Oued, 39000, Algeria

*Corresponding Author E-mail: dersamebio@gmail.com

Online published on 16 September, 2020.

Abstract

This study was conducted aiming at evaluating some risk factors in patients with Gestational Diabetes (GD) in El Oued (Algeria) region. Our study is based on 140 voluntary individuals divided into pregnancy healthy women reserved as a control with average age of 28.14±0.76 years old and pregnancy gestational diabetes patients with average age of 34.93±0.73 years old; their origin covers the whole El Oued (Algeria) region. Risk of certain socio-clinical factors has been estimated by the determination of the value of Odd Ratio (OR). Our study that disease in the first pregnancy, family history, chronic disease and taking contraceptive after 30 year shown to be significant risk factors for gestational diabetes in the study population with the highest OR value (9.428 - 58.105; P <0.05), while sport and food additifs (OR=0.330; P=0.004, OR=0.404; P=0.010) respectively are important protective factors against this disease. Lifestyle is a contributing factor in GD attainment in the region of El Oued (Algeria), which requires high sensitivity to modify these behavior for limited progression of the disease in this region.

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Keywords

GD, Risk Factors, Pregnancy, Protective factors, El Oued.

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