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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 9, Issue : 4
First page : ( 504) Last page : ( 508)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2019.00106.X

Analysis of Traumatic injuries among patients visiting Adult emergency department of Addisa Ababa Burn, Emergency and Trauma hospital, Addis ababa, Ethiopia, 2017 G.C.

Tilahun Lehulu1, Beza Lemlem2, Dr. Zewudu Tigist2, Estifanos Nathan3, Dagnew Kirubel3, Gedamua Sisay3, Babu M. Jawahar4, Bhuvaneswari K5

1Wollo University, Department of Emergency and Ophtalmic Health, Dessie, Ethiopia

2Addis Ababa University, Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Department of Emergency and Critical Care, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

3Wollo University, Adult Health Department, Dessie, Ethiopia

4Associate Professor, Apollo Medskills, Chennai, Tamil nadu, India

5Associate Professor, GRT College of Nursing, Tiruthani, Tamil nadu, India

*Corresponding Author Email: jawaharbabu121@gmail.com

Online published on 31 December, 2019.

Abstract

Background

Injuries are extremely important public health problem, in both developed and developing countries. In Ethiopia, despite government efforts to reduce RTAs, injury is increasing at an alarming rate and constitute around half of all surgical emergencies.

Methods

Prospective cross sectional institution based study design was used to conduct the study. Data was collected using interviewer-administered technique. Data was entered in EPI info version 7 and transferred to SPSS after exporting it to Microsoft excel and farther statistical analysis was performed with SPSS V 20.

Result

A total of 2012 patients were seen at ED of AaBET hospital, of whom 858(42.6%) were trauma patients. Among 858 trauma patients 334 were sampled to undertake this study and 314 respondents were participated. Males to females ratio was 3.5: 1. The most injured age group was 21–30 which contained 110(35.0%). Most injuries were unintentional 257(81.8%). RTA, assault, and fall down accident were the top three (3) causes of injury which accounted 159(50.6%), 61(19.4%), and 48(15.3%) respectively. Extremities 206(65.6%) and Head and neck 100 (31.8%) were major locations of trauma. In multivariate output resulted as sex, educational background, and activities at the time of injury were described as statistically significant.

Conclusion

Traumatic injuries are major public health issues seen at Emergency Department.

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Keywords

AaBET Hospital, associated variables, Injury by organ system, Mechanisms of trauma, Traumatic injuries.

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