Analysis of Traumatic injuries among patients visiting Adult emergency department of Addisa Ababa Burn, Emergency and Trauma hospital, Addis ababa, Ethiopia, 2017 G.C.
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Injuries are extremely important public health problem, in both developed and developing countries. In Ethiopia, despite government efforts to reduce RTAs, injury is increasing at an alarming rate and constitute around half of all surgical emergencies.
Prospective cross sectional institution based study design was used to conduct the study. Data was collected using interviewer-administered technique. Data was entered in EPI info version 7 and transferred to SPSS after exporting it to Microsoft excel and farther statistical analysis was performed with SPSS V 20.
A total of 2012 patients were seen at ED of AaBET hospital, of whom 858(42.6%) were trauma patients. Among 858 trauma patients 334 were sampled to undertake this study and 314 respondents were participated. Males to females ratio was 3.5: 1. The most injured age group was 21–30 which contained 110(35.0%). Most injuries were unintentional 257(81.8%). RTA, assault, and fall down accident were the top three (3) causes of injury which accounted 159(50.6%), 61(19.4%), and 48(15.3%) respectively. Extremities 206(65.6%) and Head and neck 100 (31.8%) were major locations of trauma. In multivariate output resulted as sex, educational background, and activities at the time of injury were described as statistically significant.
Traumatic injuries are major public health issues seen at Emergency Department.
AaBET Hospital, associated variables, Injury by organ system, Mechanisms of trauma, Traumatic injuries.