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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 9, Issue : 4
First page : ( 483) Last page : ( 487)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2019.00101.0

Effect of cold needle on perception of pain during Intra Muscular Injection

Ms. Jancy J*

Assistant Professor, Jubilee Mission College of Nursing, Thrissur

*Corresponding Author Email: jancyjoseph85@gmail.com

Online published on 31 December, 2019.

Abstract

The main aim of the study was to determine the effect of cold needle on perception of pain during intramuscular (IM) injection among adults in a selected hospital, Kerala. The objectives of the study were to assess the level of pain during intramuscular injection with the needle at room temperature, to assess the level of pain during intramuscular injection with cold needle at 0–2 degree Celsius, to compare the level of pain during Intramuscular injection with needle at room temperature and cold needle at 0–2 degree Celsius, and to determine the association between the level of pain and selected baseline variables. An evaluative approach was used with a quasi experimental one group pretest post test design. The study was conducted among adults (21–60 years) those who received IM injection of Diclofenac sodium. Using non probability purposive sampling technique 50 adults were selected. Each adult received IM injection (2 doses) with needle at room temperature and cold needle (0–2 degree Celsius) alternatively. Study findings revealed that the mean pain score 5.32 with needle at room temperature was found significantly higher than the mean pain score (2.00) with cold needle. There was a significant association found between the level of pain perception and previous experience to IM injection with cold needle. Thus it was concluded that cold needle (0–2 degree Celsius) is effective in reducing the perception of pain during IM injection.

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Keywords

Effect, Pain, Intramuscular injection, Cold needle, Adults.

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