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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 9, Issue : 2
First page : ( 267) Last page : ( 270)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2019.00057.0

Assessment of the risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Diabetes Patients Type-II

Parsa Parisa1,*, Ahmadinia-Tabesh Roya2, Mohammadi Younes3

1Associate Professor, Chronic Diseases [Home Care] Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

2Master of Science in consultation in Midwifery, Chronic Diseases [Home Care] Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, niyatabesh90@gmail.com

3Assistant Professor, Modeling of No Communicable Diseases Research Center, Faculty of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, younesmohamadi@gmail.com

*Corresponding Author Email: pparsa2003@yahoo.com

Online published on 15 May, 2019.

Abstract

Background

Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) are the most common diseases in worldwide. Early diagnosis and modification the risk factors of these diseases are the priorities of the health systems.

Objectives

This study aimed to determine the risk of coronary heart disease in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was performed. Participates were 112 (56 females and 56 males) patients with type 2 diabetes who referred to the Diabetes Research Center, Hamadan, Iran. In order to assess the risk of CHD in the study group the Framingham risk factors of CHD were used which include age, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, Triglyceride, Systolic blood pressure, and Type II diabetes.

Results

The average risk of CHD in diabetes men was higher than women, which is at a risk of 8% over 5 years and 16% over 10 years, respectively (p<0.05). The risk of CHD in women between 45 to 59 yearwas significantly more than that of the general population. The coronary heart disease was associated with variables of age, gender, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p <0.05).

Conclusion

The risk of coronary heart disease in diabetic patients was high. So, to minimize the risk of coronary heart disease in the society, it is suggested to prioritize the preventive interventions to decrease the modifiable risks of CHD.

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Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus type 2, Coronary Artery Disease, Coronary Heart Disease, Heart diseases.

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