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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 9, Issue : 2
First page : ( 239) Last page : ( 242)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2019.00050.8

Prevalence and Impact of Premenstrual Syndrome among the Female Nursing Students of Quetta

Ul Haq Noman1,*, Gill Sapna2, Nasim Aqeel3, Tahir Maria4, Yasmin Riffat5,**, Batool Fakhra5

1Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Baluchistan, Quetta

2Pharm-D, Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Baluchistan, Quetta, sgill7320@gmail.com

3Hospital Pharmacist, Baluchistan Institute of Nephro-Urology, Quetta, Pakistan, aqeel_nasim@yahoo.com

4Lecturer, Department of Pharmacy, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women University, Quetta, maria27.pharmd@gmail.com

5Pharm-D, Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Baluchistan, Quetta

*Corresponding Author Email: nomanhaq79@gmail.com

**yasminshah122@gmail.com

Online published on 15 May, 2019.

Abstract

Background

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is represented as an accumulation of unsurprising physical, psychological, full of feeling, and behavioral side effects that happen consistently at mid of the luteal period of the menstrual cycle and resolve rapidly at or inside a couple of days of the beginning of monthly cycle. The study aimed to assess the prevalence and impact of premenstrual syndrome among nursing students of Quetta.

Methodology

A cross sectional study was conducted in six different nursing schools of Quetta through a self-structured questionnaire from March to September 2017. Questionnaire was composed of three domains along with the demographic and menstrual history related data. A sample of 358 participants was collected by using non-probability convenient sampling technique. Data was analyzed through SPSS.

Results

Prevalence of PMS found to be (n=95, 26.5%) in study participants those who have irregular periods were more suspected to diagnosed with PMS (n=16, 32.6%) and its P value is (0.570) which is insignificant. Although their current health status was good (n=207, 57.8%) but their daily activities were affected because of the pain (n=27, 72.9%) while some of them were depressed (n=64, 17.9%) some were being energetic (n=94, 26.3%) and some felt social withdrawal (n=79, 22.1%) some in carrying weight (n=66, 18.4%) and some in other households (n=75, 20.9%).

Conclusion

The present study concluded that prevalence of PMS found to be low in nursing students of Quetta city and respondents with irregular periods were more suspected to be diagnose with PMS.

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Keywords

Premenstrual syndrome, Epidemiology, Health status, Quality of Life, Lifestyle changes.

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