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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 9, Issue : 1
First page : ( 35) Last page : ( 42)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2019.00007.7

Effectiveness of an Instructional Program on Nurse's Knowledge and practice concerning Patients Discharge Planning post Cardiac Surgery at Cardiac Centers and hospitals in Baghdad city

Abdulrdha Mustafa Flayyih1,*, Mansour Kalida Alwan2

1Department of Adult Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Baghdad

2Professor, Department of Adult Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Baghdad

*Corresponding Author Email: musta_figo@yahoo.com

Online published on 15 March, 2019.

Abstract

Objective

The study aims to determine the effectiveness of an Instructional program on nurse's knowledge and practices concerning patients discharge planning post cardiac surgery, and to find out the relationship between the effectiveness of program with age, gender, marital status, level of education, years of experience and training course.

Methodology

A quasi-experimental design study was carried out at cardiac centers and hospitals in Baghdad city in the surgical wards, for the period of January, 2nd, 2017, to June 1st, 2018, The study samples are composed of (58) nurses who have been working in the surgical wards of Ibn Al-Bitar specialized center for cardiac surgery; Iraqi center for heart disease and Ibn al Nafees hospital, those nurses are divided equally into the study group (29) and control group (29). The researcher constructed instructional program and instruments in order to reach the aims of this study, the questionnaires consist of three parts; first is concerned with the demographic data for nurses; and the second part is concerned with the assessment of the nurses ’knowledge about patient discharge planning and the third to assess the nurses ’practices. Reliability of the instrument was determined through the use of the test-retest approach for knowledge test and inter observer for nurses practice. While the Instrument validity was determined through content validity, by a panel of experts.

Result

The results of the current study revealed that nurses who participated in education program demonstrated a greater knowledge level than the control groups in relation to general information, follow up, wounds care, exercise program and daily activity, common health problems, medication, nutrition and risk factor modification. Effectiveness of educational program regarding nurse's practice toward patients ’discharge of planning had a positive effect on nurse's practice as compare with control group in relation to all discharge planning domains.

Conclusion

The study concluded that there was a positive effect of implemented an education program related patient discharge planning post cardiac surgery on the cardiac surgical ward nurses knowledge and practice

Recommendations

Based on the results of the current study ’the researcher recommended to initiate a discharge planning team from several specialties at the cardiosurgical centers and hospitals in the whole country. Offered the data of this study to carry out at the cardio surgical centers and hospitals as part of the standard care of this setting.

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Keywords

Effectiveness, Instructional program, Patients Discharge Planning, Knowledge, practice.

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