Knowledge and Attitude of First Year B. Sc. Nursing Students with Regard to HPV Vaccination in selected Nursing College at Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh
*Corresponding Author Email: email@example.com
Cervical Cancer is the second most common cancer among women worldwide. It is primarily caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection. Around 80% of global cancer cases are from lower income countries. Human Papilloma Virus is the most common Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI). Most of the times Cervical Cancer grows slowly. It can take 10–15 years for abnormal cells to turn into cancer. Women with advanced Cervical Cancer may have abnormal bleeding, discharge or pain. Most people who become infected with HPV does not even realise they have it. Inspite of wide propaganda, many females in the vulnerable age group are not coming forth to get HPV Vaccination done. So the present study is undertaken to assess the knowledge and attitude of first year B. Sc nursing students regarding HPV vaccination.
A descriptive study is conducted among first year B. Sc nursing students in a selected college of nursing at guntur district, Andhra Pradesh in February 2018. Seventy six students are selected by using convinent sampling technique. A structured questionnaire and attitude scale are used to collect data from 76 I year B. Sc nursing students. Data are analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Among the 76 nursing students, 72 (94.74%) had inadequate knowledge on HPV vaccination, 4 (5.26%) had moderate knowledge and none of the students had adequate knowledge. Most of the students (54 i.e. 71.05%) had unfavourable attitude towards HPV vaccination, 22 (28.94%) had moderately favourable attitude, none of them had favourable attitude. Significant association is found between the knowledge of I year B. Sc. (N) students with regard to HPV Vaccination and their Age(X2 =311.26), Previous knowledge about HPV vaccination(X2=6.79) and Family history of Cancer Cervix(X2=5.89). Significant relationship is found between the knowledge and attitude (t=3.75) of I year B. Sc. Nursing students with regard to HPV vaccination at 0.05 level of significance.
The present study concludes that majority of I year B. Sc. Nursing students have inadequate knowledge and unfavourable attitude on HPV vaccination. Significant relationship is there between the knowledge and attitude of I year B. Sc. Nursing students with regard to HPV vaccination. Inadequate knowledge and unfavourable attitude makes young females to avoid getting vaccination against HPV.
Assess, Knowledge, Attitude, Nursing Students, HPV Vaccination.