A Descriptive Study to Assess the Awareness and Usage of Assistive Devices for Mobility and Self Care among Elderly Residing in Selected community area of Kurali (Punjab)
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As people get older, two major challenges impact on their ability to engage in everyday task. The first is a gradual decline in hearing, vision and mobility. Second challenge is a higher probability which increases with age of having one or more chronic disease such as arthritis, cataract and heart disease. In many cases the impact of impairment on doing everyday task can be overcome and reduced. Assistive devices are equipments that help a person with difficulty in performing a task, such as Canes, Crutches and Walkers can be used to increase a patient's base of support, improve balance and increase activity and dependence. According to United Nations (2011), the share of India's population ages 60 and older is projected to climb from 8 Percentage in 2010 to 19 Percentage in 2050. It is assumed that with rising number of elderly their age related problems will also be raised such as disabilities and other health conditions. The assistive devices for mobility and self care can make its use to sustain their independence in day to day activities and keeping with a view of this the following study was conducted. The Objectives of the study was to assess the awareness and usage of assistive devices for mobility and self care among elderly. To find out the association between awareness and usage of assistive devices for mobility and self care among elderly.
A non-experimental descriptive design was used to assess the awareness and usage of assistive devices for mobility and self care among elderly and to find out the association between awareness and usage of assistive devices. A convenient sampling technique was used to select 200 study subjects. The data was collected through structured interview schedule to assess the awareness regarding the use of assistive devices and Likert scale to assess the usage of Assistive devices.
The result of present study revealed that 77% of the study subjects were having good awareness regarding the use of assistive devices whereas 23% of the study subjects were having average awareness regarding the use of assistive devices, 42% subjects sometimes use assistive device, 32% subjects frequently use assistive devices where as 26% of study subjects always use some assistive device while performing daily living activities. The most commonly use assistive devices were Magnifying glasses (76.5%) and commode chair (71.5%). The finding indicated that, there were no significant association between awareness and usage of assistive devices. The majority of them were aware about the use of Assistive devices but minimal usage was reported among them.
Assistive devices, Elderly, Awareness, Activity of daily living.