Family-Centered Education and Clinical Outcomes of Patients after Acute Myocardial Infarction
*Corresponding Author Email: Bahramnezhad@razi.tums.ac
Adherence to the treatment plan is an important health care option for these patients. Patient education can be effective in the prevention and control of the disease complications. Objectives: The aim of this study was To determine the effect of family-centered education through multimedia software on the clinical outcomes of patients after acute myocardial infarction
Patients and Methods
This study was performed between March to October 2014 in the CCU of Amir Kabir hospital, Arak, Iran. The research samples were 60patients after their first heart attack who were randomly divided into two groups (patient-centered: 30) and (familycentered: 30). The first, their blood pressure, pulse pressure, blood sugar, blood lipids, ejection fraction, and body mass index were checked using researcher-made checklist. Afterwards, computerized education courses were held for patient education and active family members in three areas(food, medicine and exercise) in three sessions of 30–45 min. The same educational content was provided to the patients in the control group. Three months after the intervention, the above-mentioned factors were checked again.
Data were analyzed using SPSS V.22 and chi-square, independent and paired t test. There was significant difference between the two groups in blood sugar level (P =0.03), blood lipids (P <0.0001), systolic blood pressure (P =0.048), diastolic blood pressure (P =0.004), the pulse pressure (P=0.016), Body mass index (P <0.0001), and the frequency of chest pain with (P = 0.014) and ejection fraction (P =0.014) in the after intervention.
Therefore, It is recommended that education interventions for the treatment of patients with myocardial infarction be done with participation of families
Clinical outcomes, Family-centered education, Myocardial infarction.