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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 8, Issue : 2
First page : ( 189) Last page : ( 195)
Print ISSN : 2231-1149. Online ISSN : 2349-2996.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00039.3

Family-Centered Education and Clinical Outcomes of Patients after Acute Myocardial Infarction

Asgari Parvaneh1, Shiri Mahmoud2, Bahramnezhad Fatemeh3,*

1Lecturer, MSc of Critical Care Nursing, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

2PhD Student, Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics Department Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3Assistant Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

*Corresponding Author Email: Bahramnezhad@razi.tums.ac

Online published on 7 July, 2018.

Abstract

Background

Adherence to the treatment plan is an important health care option for these patients. Patient education can be effective in the prevention and control of the disease complications. Objectives: The aim of this study was To determine the effect of family-centered education through multimedia software on the clinical outcomes of patients after acute myocardial infarction

Patients and Methods

This study was performed between March to October 2014 in the CCU of Amir Kabir hospital, Arak, Iran. The research samples were 60patients after their first heart attack who were randomly divided into two groups (patient-centered: 30) and (familycentered: 30). The first, their blood pressure, pulse pressure, blood sugar, blood lipids, ejection fraction, and body mass index were checked using researcher-made checklist. Afterwards, computerized education courses were held for patient education and active family members in three areas(food, medicine and exercise) in three sessions of 30–45 min. The same educational content was provided to the patients in the control group. Three months after the intervention, the above-mentioned factors were checked again.

Results

Data were analyzed using SPSS V.22 and chi-square, independent and paired t test. There was significant difference between the two groups in blood sugar level (P =0.03), blood lipids (P <0.0001), systolic blood pressure (P =0.048), diastolic blood pressure (P =0.004), the pulse pressure (P=0.016), Body mass index (P <0.0001), and the frequency of chest pain with (P = 0.014) and ejection fraction (P =0.014) in the after intervention.

Conclusion

Therefore, It is recommended that education interventions for the treatment of patients with myocardial infarction be done with participation of families

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Keywords

Clinical outcomes, Family-centered education, Myocardial infarction.

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